NFSM – “Cluster FLD on Pulses” (Crop: Gram)
Gram crop contributed 48% among the pulse crops in respect of area in India. The average productivity of gram in India is 656 kg/ha. As compared to the national productivity, the productivity in Solapur district is only 564 kg/ha. The productivity in Barshi, Malshiras, Karmala and South Solapur is higher than 500 kg/ha., but less than 250 kg/ha. in Mohol, Mangalwedha and North Solapur tahasils and rest of tahasils productivity ranges between 250 to 500 kg/ha. Low productivity may be due to poor soil, uncertain irrigation and traditional production technology. Therefore, by use of improved production technology of gram, there is scope to increase the gram production and productivity.
- To promote the INM, IPM so as to reduce cost of cultivation.
- To promote soil test based fertilizers application.
- To emphasize importance of protected irrigation to increase the production.
- To encourage the farmers to apply recommended dose of fertilizers to attain potential yield.
Following inputs has been used by the farmers included in demonstration :
|Crop – Gram||PSB – 750 gm|
|Variety – Digvijay||Pheromen trap – 02 nos.|
|Seed – 30kg||Heli leur – 02 nos.|
|Bio-fertilizer||HaNPV – 200ml|
|Rhizobium – 750 gm|
The production performance of the Cluster Front Line Demonstration (CFLD) on Gram is shown in table 1, it was observed that under Irrigated condition , the average yield of gram was 14 qt/ha. as compared to control/check (10.93 qt/ha.). It indicated that use of improved production technology in respect of gram resulted in 28% increase in yield. Similarly under rainfed condition, technology demonstrated plots has given the average yield 8.6 qt/ha. over the check plots which has given the yield 6.25 qt/ha. Hence, under rainfed situation, it was observed that use of gram production technology alongwith on protected irrigation enhanced the yield of gram by 45 percent.
Proper use of INM and IPM and application of fertilizers on the basis of soil test report, helps to reduce the cost of cultivation.
The use of biofertilizers alongwith one protected irrigation, increased the potential yield of gram.
Performance of gram var. Digvijay under rainfed and irrigated conditions: